The potato has been studied by NASA as an important source of food for long manned space missions. It was found that the number of potato plants needed to sustain one astronaut equaled the amount of potato plant required to process the air to breathe by one astronaut.

In 2006 NASA had to get hold of and restore, copies of the original moon landing from CBS and the Johnson Space Centre after admitting to accidentally recording over their own tape recordings.

NASA is estimated to have sent over 2200 animals into space including insects, pigs, monkeys, rats, rabbits and spiders, 2000 were sent on one mission STS-90 in 1998.

NASA has a tradition of playing a wake-up call for astronauts. These are usually songs such as “What a Wonderful World.” But they have also included other things such as a voice message from Patrick Stewart announcing the “voyage of the Space Shuttle Atlantis”.

NASA plan aims to bring a 23-foot-wide (7 meters) space rock into lunar orbit using a robotic space lasso. Once the asteroid is in a stable orbit around the moon, astronauts can visit as soon as 2021 using NASA’s Orion space capsule and the giant Space Launch System mega-rocket.

NASA was responsible for the Apollo moon-landings, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, Commercial Resupply Services and Crew Program, and the Beyond Low Earth Orbit program.

Landsat was the series of revolutionary satellites that were first launched in 1972 for the purpose of systematically photographing the surface of the Earth from space.

NASA is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.