To study the health effects of coffee, King Gustav III of Sweden commuted the death sentences of a pair of twins on the condition that one drank 3 pots of coffee and the other tea for the rest of their lives.

Proportionally speaking, the most destructive war in modern history was the War of the Triple Alliance, which took the lives of over 60% of Paraguay’s population, leaving a woman/man ratio of 4 to 1.

Norman Borlaug, an agricultural scientist, developed new strains of crops which yielded 4 times as much food . He is said to have saved the lives of over a billion people, making him one of the most influential men in human history.