Alchemist Hennig Brand believed that he could distill gold from human urine. After stockpiling 1,500 gallons of urine and boiling it, he discovered phosphorus.

In the 1970s, Basil Brown, a healthy food advocate from England, drank himself to death by consuming 10 gallons (38 litres) of carrot juice in 10 days, causing him to overdose on vitamin A.

Tina Christopherson, a woman reportedly having the IQ of 189, died in 1977 when she fanatically drank 4 gallons (15 litres) of water a day in an effort to “cleanse her body” of what she suspected was stomach cancer.