An Iran Air passenger flight was shot down by a U.S. Navy missile in 1988. All 290 people on board died. The U.S. never apologized or acknowledged wrongdoing.

In 1986, a Soviet pilot made a bet with his co-pilot that he could land the aeroplane with an instrument-only approach, with no visual contact with the ground. He crashed the plane, killing 70 of the 94 passengers and crew on board.